direct participation program

Investing in Direct Participation Programs (DPPs)

direct participation program

Direct participation programs (DPPs) are a specific type of investment to consider. They are non-traded, pooled investments, and they commonly invest in ventures energy companies and real estate.

This is a bit different from other pooled products mutual funds and exchange-traded funds (ETFs), where most of the investments with the pooled money are in products that trade on the market, stocks and bonds.

If you want help investing in DPPs or have any other financial needs, consider working with a financial advisor.

Direct Participation Programs (DPPs) Definition

If you’re seeking non-traded pooled investments, DPPs could help. They invest in real estate or energy for the long term, usually upwards of 10 years.

While you can actively trade mutual funds and other types of investments, DPPs have passive management. Non-listed real estate investment trusts (REITs), oil and gas programs, and non-listed business development companies all qualify as DPPs.

To participate, members will buy in to access the DPP’s benefits. A limited partnership, a general partnership or an S corporation subchapter usually organizes the purchase. This setup means the DPP doesn’t pay any corporate tax since income, credits and others are passed through to the partner.

Since DPPs aren’t traded, they aren’t liquid — at least for the duration of the program.

Since they’re not publicly traded on the stock market, you might be missing some important company disclosures that would otherwise come with a publicly-traded company.

Clients are required to meet certain income and asset thresholds to participate in buying DPPs. Those requirements can vary by state and even the program.

DPP Structure

DPPs first appeared in the Securities Act of 1933. They’re also built into Financial Industry Regulatory Authority (FINRA) Rule 2310. If a financial professional takes the Series 7 exam, questions about DPPs will feature prominently.

Since limited partners invest in DPPs, investors only risk the amount they’ve invested. A general partner manages the investment. Limited partners can change or fire that general partner. Also, they can sue a general partner if they act against the wishes of the limited partners. However, limited partners can’t manage a DPP and don’t receive payment or dividends for running the DPP.

DPP Pros and Cons

Since these aren’t your typical investment securities, there are a few good — and bad — things to know about DPPs.


  • ROI: You can expect a return on investment anywhere from 5% to 7%.Non-liquid assets can help your portfolio. Do market downturns scare you your wits? You can rest assured that your DPP investment will go untouched in the short-term since it’s an investment spanning upwards of a decade.
  • Non-traditional investing options: It’s important to diversify your income and portfolio. As a result, alternative investments can help you branch out from regular stock market options.
  • Limited investment = limited liability: Investors consider DPPS passive investment vehicles. As a result, you’re not legally responsible during a lawsuit or if a company faces charges. However, the general partner or corporation would still face trouble in such a scenario


  • Income threshold requirement: Some programs and states have a minimum requirement of $70,000 annual income and net worth, respectively. Others might require $250,000 net worth. Meanwhile, this might limit some investors from getting into DPPs.
  • Limited company financial disclosures: Since these companies don’t trade publicly, you won’t always receive access to certain company financial documents. Which means you could be missing out on some important company information.
  • Long-term illiquidity: DPPs aren’t liquid investments, which means you can’t touch them for their lifespan. This could be anywhere from five to 10 years.

Bottom Line

If you’re considering jumping into alternative investments, direct participation programs, you might be able to boost your income. Through decent returns and little stock market exposure, you could invest in real estate, business development companies and even oil and gas programs.

But keep in mind you’re in it for the long-term. You can’t liquidate DPPs for the duration of their program life. If you’re hoping to build up your cash quickly — within a few months or a couple years, this might not be the best investment for you. Meanwhile, consider alternative options, the stock market or high-yield savings accounts.

Investment Tips

  • Investment is ever-evolving and changing. However, if you’re not sure about specific investments, you may want to reach out to an expert for help. Finding the right financial advisor that fits your needs doesn’t have to be hard. SmartAsset’s free tool matches you with financial advisors in your area in 5 minutes. If you’re ready to be matched with local advisors that will help you achieve your financial goals, get started now.
  • It’s always a good idea to diversify your portfolio, whether you have a mix of stocks and mutual funds or you have many different types of investments. As a result, it’s better to spread out your investment money across many different securities and sectors. That way, in the event you lose money in one investment, you haven’t lost all your money. Even if an investment looks it could bring in a ton of cash, you might risk losing a ton of cash. Be mindful of the risk in your investments before funding them.

Photo credit: ©, © Dangsungnoen, ©


Direct Participation

direct participation program

individual consultation

  • 'face-to-face': arrangements involving discussions between individual employee and immediate manager, such as regular performance reviews, regular training and development reviews and '360 degree' appraisal;
  • 'arms-length': arrangements which allow individual employees to express their views through a 'third party', such as a 'speak-up' scheme with 'counsellor' or 'ombudsman', or through attitude surveys and suggestion schemes

group consultation

  • 'temporary' groups: groups of employees who come together for a specific purpose and for a limited period of time, e.g. 'project groups' or 'task forces'
  • 'permanent' groups: groups of employees that discuss various work related topics on an ongoing basis, such as quality circles

individual delegation

  • individual employees are granted extended rights and responsibilities to carry out their work without constant reference back to managers — sometimes known as 'job enrichment'

group delegation

  • rights and responsibilities are granted to groups of employees to carry out their common tasks without constant reference back to managers — most often known as 'group work'.

Over a six-year period the Foundation’s EPOC (Employee Participation in Organisational Change) research project charted developments in the changing world of work, most significantly in the area of work organisation. The focus of the investigation was to show the extent of direct employee participation and to illustrate the role played by such participation in the modernisation of work organisation.

The research revealed that the introduction of direct participation is shown to have a positive influence on business performance in terms of output, quality, and reduction in throughput time, while also reducing sickness and absenteeism. While enterprises engaging in direct participation may suffer some employment loss in the short-term, in the medium and long term there are ly to be gains.

The EPOC survey

The earlier research in this project identified an information gap in the knowledge about practices in European enterprise so the Foundation undertook a postal survey of European workplaces during the Autumn of 1996 to examine the extent of direct participation in Europe.

What is direct participation?

The research defined direct participation as: 'Opportunities which management provide, or initiatives to which they lend their support, at workplace level, for consultation with and/or delegation of responsibilities and authority for decision making to their subordinates either as individuals or as groups of employees, relating to the immediate work tasks, work organisation and/or working conditions.'

The key distinguishing features of direct participation are consultation and delegation:

  • consultative participation: management encourages employees to make their views known on work-related matters, but retains the right to take action or not.
  • delegative participation: management gives employees increased discretion and responsibility to organise and do their jobs without reference back.

Online Publications

The results of the EPOC project are summarised in the following online publications (click on the language icon to download). Details of printed publications can be obtained from the publications catalogue.

Useful but unused — group work in Europe — the delegation of decision making to work groups or teams, is a central component of direct participation. How is it used in European workplaces?

Available in EN, FR, DE, IT and ES

Direct employee participation in the public services
An overview of the implementation and effects of direct employee participation in social public services.

Available in EN, FR, DE, IT and ES

Participating on equal terms?
Innovations in the workplace raise important issues for equal opportunities. However, the gender division of labour is often overlooked when organisational change is in discussion.

Available in EN, FR, DE, IT and ES

Direct participation and the modernisation of work organisation
A report highlighting key findings from the EPOC research project which charted development in the changing world of work, most significantly in the areas of work organisation.

Available in EN

New forms of work organisation: can Europe realise its potential?
An overview of the main results of the EPOC survey.

Available in EN, FR, DE, ES, IT and PT

Employment through flexibility: squaring the circle
An examination of the impact of new forms of work organisation on employment — examines the links between workplace flexibility and innovation in EU enterprises.

Available in EN and FR


Participation procedure

direct participation program

The VI International Conference on Information Technology and Nanotechnology will be held in Samara (Russia) from May 26 to May 29, 2020. We invite the submission of original, unpublished papers on Conference topics.

The deadlines for paper submitting are indicated in the Important Dates section.

The Conference has the following restrictions on the reports number: one person can be a co-author of no more than 4 papers and represent no more than 2 papers.

Remote Participation

Under the imposed high-alert regime caused by the threat of the spread of coronavirus infection, the VI International Conference on Information Technology and Nanotechnology (ITNT-2020) (hereinafter referred to as the Conference), offers a remote participation format.

In accordance with the requirements of the international non-profit association of technical specialists IEEE and the decision of the Chairman of the Organizing Committee, the following options are offered for the remote participation in the Conference:

1) for the authors of the papers accepted as oral:• obligatory publication of video presentations on the Conference online resources ( channel of the Conference);• online discussion of papers by posting comments under the talk materials using online services () throughout the entire duration of the Conference;

• additionally, it is possible to make a presentation in real time at the special online sessions organized on video conferencing platforms (Megafon and Zoom services);

2) for the authors of the papers accepted as poster:• obligatory publication of the talk on the Conference online resources (Miro / ) in the form of a poster / a video presentation;

• online discussion of papers by posting comments under the talk materials using online services (Miro / ) throughout the entire duration of the Conference.

3) all the authors of the accepted papers shall complete the registration procedure till May 14, 2020; as part of the registration you will need to choose the presentation form, upload the short speaker’s form to the cloud service, as well as the video presentations and/or posters. For uploading the materials authors will get personal links to the folders of the paper in the cloud service. These links will be sent to the e-mail specified during registration.

After posting materials on the Conference online resources and throughout the entire duration of ITNT-2020, the participants will be given the opportunity to address questions to the speakers:

• as part of the discussion of papers at online sessions using video conferencing platforms (Megafon and Zoom services);
• in the comments to the materials of the talks, which can be posted at the online resources of the Conference (Miro / ) under the materials of the report.

We shall note that the presentation format does not affect the possibility of publishing of the extended versions of the papers in the English proceedings, however, we shall remind that presenting papers at the Conference remains an obligatory requirement for your work to be included in the English-language proceedings of the Conference indexed in Scopus and/or WoS.

Presentation guidelines

The languages of the Conference are English and Russian.

Each plenary talk presented in real time (by using Megafon/Zoom services) is allocated 30 minutes lecture sessions, including 5 minutes for questions, session chair introductions, and any set up that is not completed in advance.

Each oral section talk presented in real time (by using Megafon/Zoom services) is allocated 7 minutes, including 3 minutes for questions, session chair introductions, and any set up that is not completed in advance. Be prepared to begin your presentation as soon as the prior presenter has finished; it is important to keep on schedule.

Each oral/poster section talk presented by video presentation (by using ) is allocated 7-15 minutes. To prepare a video presentation, authors can use any software, however, the Organizing Committee recommends one of the following programs: OBS or Screen Recoder. For the convenience of the authors, Manuals for these services have been prepared.

For poster talks presented by poster (by using Miro) it should be used files with PDF, CDR or JPEG formats.

To present papers, you need either submit them online (it is advisable to also upload video presentations in case of technical failures), or upload reports to the cloud service, as well as to answer participants' questions in comments after posting them on the Conference Resources (Miro / ) by Committee members

Additional Proceedings

All papers presented at the Conference will be published in the proceedings.

Following the Conference, selected papers will be recommended for publication in English in CEUR Workshop Proceedings (which is indexed in Scopus), IEEE Proceedings (which is indexed in Scopus/Web of Science) and Journal of Physics: Conference Series (which is indexed in Scopus or Web of Science). The paper must be presented by the author to be included in any Proceedings.

Paper submission to additional Proceedings will be carried out through the EasyChair system. The a special section become available after notification of paper acceptance into an additional Proceedings.

Please note that the Program Committee reserves the right to reject the work if:
— the deadlines and the order of paper submission have been violated;- the quality of the work does not correspond to the level of the Conference;- the work has already been submitted / published in other sources;

— the work has significant differences from the version presented at the Conference.

Requirements for papaer in additional proceedings:
— the volume of the papaer should be from 4 to 10 pages;
— the papere should contain at least 30% of the new, never previously published material;
— the paper should be formatted in accordance with the requirements of the template.


The Organizing Committee asks the authors to adhere to the following rules when submitting papers for the Conference. Papers that do not comply with these rules are not considered.

To prepare the paper, authors can use MS Word (download template). The templates are presented in the Materials section. It is mandatory to attach a PDF copy of the paper in the EasyChair system. The volume of the paper should be from 3 to 8 pages.

Examples of video presentation and poster are presented on the Templates


Экономический словарь — значение слова Direct Participation Program (dpp) (программа Прямого Участия)

direct participation program

Американский инвестиционный план, позволяющий инвесторам получить налоговые льготы; программа распространяется на прямые инвестиции в недвижимость, нефтегазовую промышленность и сельское хозяйство, однако не включает инвестиции в учреждения, специализирующиеся на инвестициях в недвижимость, ипотечном кредите, операциях по доверенности.

Смотреть значение Direct Participation Program (dpp) (программа Прямого Участия) в других словарях

Программа — ж. греч. краткий очерк, начертанье, перечень, изложенье, содержанье сочинения, предположенного изданья, книги, журнала, преподаванья чего-либо; план празднества, торжества,……..
Толковый словарь Даля

Программа Ж. — 1. План чьей-л. деятельности, содержания какой-л. работы. // Совокупность действий и мероприятий для осуществления чего-л. 2. Предварительный набросок, план литературного……..
Толковый словарь Ефремовой

Программа-максимум Ж. — 1. Программа, в которой учтены и сформулированы все цели, к достижению которых кто-л. стремится.
Толковый словарь Ефремовой

Демократия Участия — — модель демократии, предполагающая непосредственное участие граждан в подготовке, осуществлении и принятии решений в соответствии с принципом равенства.
Политический словарь

Кризис Участия — — создание правящей элитой искусственных препятствий для включения в активную политическую жизнь групп, заявляющих о своих претензиях на власть, а также обострение……..
Политический словарь

Культура Участия (активистская) — — тип политической культуры, который характеризуется активным участием граждан в политике вне зависимости от позитивного или негативного отношения к политической системе.
Политический словарь

Программа — (от греч. programma — объявление, распоряжение), 1) содержание и план деятельности, работ. 2) Изложение основных положений и целей деятельности политической партии, организации,……..
Политический словарь

Программа Партии — — изложение основных положений и целей, а также план деятельности политической партии. является основным теоретическим и руководящим документом партии, содержащий……..
Политический словарь

Программа Передач — – содержание передач вещания по названиям данного теле- или радиовещателя, распределенное по времени.
Политический словарь

Программа Политическая — (от греч. programma — объявление, распоряжение, предписание) — изложение политической платформы партий или государственных институтов, основных положений целей их деятельности……..
Политический словарь

Программа — -ы; ж. [от греч. programma — распоряжение, объявление]1. и подробный план предстоящей деятельности, работ и т.п. Экономическая, социальная п. Жизненная п. П. возрождения……..

Толковый словарь Кузнецова

Антикоррупционная Программа — — составная часть административной реформы, предусматривающая системные преобразования, направленные на изменение установок, ценностей, стереотипов поведения как……..
Юридический словарь

Благотворительная Программа — Благотворительной программой является комплекс мероприятий, утвержденных высшим органом управления благотворительной организацией и направленных на решение……..
Юридический словарь

Борьбы С Преступностью Программа — — система мер борьбы с преступностью и ее видами посредством документального определения этапности решения конкретных задач, средств и способов их реализации, а также……..
Юридический словарь

Программа — Заимствование из французского, где programme восходит к греческому programma – «объявление», в котором образовано из pro – «перед, раньше» и gramma – «написанное», от graphein – «писать».
Этимологический словарь Крылова

Единая Программа Маркетинга — — взаимосвязанная система программ маркетинга по отдельным рынкам и по группам однородной продукции, которая служит основой для разработки планов научно-исследовательских……..
Юридический словарь

Индивидуальная Программа Реабилитации Инвалида — — разработанный на основе решения Государственной службы медико-социальной экспертизы комплекс оптимальных для инвалида реабилитационных мероприятий, включающий……..
Юридический словарь

Комплексная Программа Мер По Обеспечению Прав Вкладчиков И Акционеров — Комплексная программа мер по обеспечению прав вкладчиков и акционеров представляет собой систему взаимосвязанных мер, которые в ближайшее время будут осуществлены……..
Юридический словарь

Коэффициент Трудового Участия — — коэффициент, отражающий количественную оценку меры трудового участия отдельного работника в общих результатах труда группы работников.
Юридический словарь

Коэффициент Трудового Участия (кту) — коэффициент, характеризующий суммарный вклад работника в общие результаты труда бригады, коллектива.
Юридический словарь

Облигации Участия — — дающие, сверх процентного дохода, право на участие в распределении прибыли компании, их выпустившей.
Юридический словарь

Основная Профессиональная Образовательная Программа Среднего Профессионального Образования — — документ (комплект документов), определяющий в соответствии с настоящим стандартом содержание среднего профессионального образования определенного уровня по конкретной……..
Юридический словарь

Отказ В Предоставлении Отпуска Для Участия В Выборах, Референдуме — — административное правонарушение, ответственность за совершение которого предусмотрена ст. 40-7 КоАП РСФСР. Состав административного правонарушения образует деяние,……..
Юридический словарь

Принцип Приоритета И Прямого Действия Международного Права — — в конституционном праве ряда государств — принцип, согласно которому общепризнанные принципы и нормы международного права являются составной частью правовой системы……..
Юридический словарь

Принцип Участия — предоставляет возможность детям участвовать в формировании общества, в котором они живут. Это включает выслушивание детей и уважения их взглядов. Конвенция о правах……..
Юридический словарь

Приоритета И Прямого Действия Международного Права Принцип — — в конституционном праве ряда государств принцип, согласно которому общепризнанные нормы международного права являются составной частью национальной правовой системы………
Юридический словарь

Программа — последовательность команд для выполнения или преобразования в форму, подлежащую исполнению компьютером.
Юридический словарь

Программа Борьбы С Преступностью — — документ, определяющий систему мер борьбы с преступностью посредством указания задач, средств, способов, этапов механизма реализации соответствующих мер системы,……..
Юридический словарь

Программа Для Эвм — — по законодательству РФ об авторском праве объективная форма представления совокупности данных и команд, предназначенных для функционирования ЭВМ и других компьютерных……..
Юридический словарь

Программа Изучения Уголовного Дела — — перечень вопросов, подлежащих изучению в процессе анализа уголовного дела.
Юридический словарь

Посмотреть в Wikipedia статью для Direct Participation Program (dpp) (программа Прямого Участия)


Public Participation Guide: Introduction to Public Participation | US EPA

direct participation program

Public participation can be any process that directly engages the public in decision-making and gives full consideration to public input in making that decision.

Public participation is a process, not a single event. It consists of a series of activities and actions by a sponsor agency over the full lifespan of a project to both inform the public and obtain input from them. Public participation affords stakeholders (those that have an interest or stake in an issue, such as individuals, interest groups, communities) the opportunity to influence decisions that affect their lives.

Agencies should not be concerned that seeking public input means having to do “what the public wants.” Generally speaking, there is no single public. Rather, the public consists of a range of stakeholders holding an array of views and concerns on an issue.

When conducting meaningful public participation, an agency will gather input from a wide spectrum of stakeholder interests, resulting in a wide range of views and concerns and providing fair treatment, meaningful involvement and social inclusion for all people regardless of race, color, national origin, sexual orientation or income, with respect to the development, implementation, and decisions made through the public participation process. The job of the sponsor agency then is to balance among these views and concerns, and reflect the decisions back so that the public understands how its diverse concerns were considered.

Not all public participation is the same. Conducting meaningful public participation involves seeking public input at the specific points in the decision process and on the specific issues where such input has a real potential to help shape the decision or action. It is rarely appropriate or useful to simply ask the public “what do you want.

” Such broad questions will only raise expectations and ly direct input to areas where no influence is actually possible. Sometimes the opportunity for influence is quite small, while at other times the public can have a great deal of influence.

The amount of this potential influence is the main consideration in designing a successful public participation program.

Students consider input to environmental issues in China.

The section of this guide titled Selecting the Right Level of Public Participation discusses the different forms that public participation might take depending on the potential for public influence on a decision. These forms include:

  • informing the public by providing information to help them understand the issues, options, and solutions
  • consulting with the public to obtain their feedback on alternatives or decisions
  • involving the public to ensure their concerns are considered throughout the decision process, particularly in the development of decision criteria and options
  • collaborating with the public to develop decision criteria and alternatives and identify the preferred solution
  • empowering the public by placing final decision-making authority in their hands.

Depending of the form of participation sought, public participation makes use of a variety of tools and techniques to inform the public, generate public input, and, in some cases, build consensus and reach agreement.

Top of Page

What are the benefits of public participation?

Public participation is not simply a nice or necessary thing to do; it actually results in better outcomes and better governance. When done in a meaningful way, public participation will result in two significant benefits:

  • Sponsor agencies will make better and more easily implementable decisions that reflect public interests and values and are better understood by the public.
  • Communities develop long-term capacity to solve and manage challenging social issues, often overcoming longstanding differences and misunderstandings. 

Learn more: Benefits of Public Participation

Top of Page

How does public participation result in better decisions?

Public participation contributes to better decisions because decision-makers have more complete information – in the form of additional facts, values, and perspectives obtained through public input – to bring to bear on the decision process.

They can then incorporate the best information and expertise of all stakeholders.

Decisions are more implementable and sustainable because the decision considers the needs and interests of all stakeholders including vulnerable/marginalized populations, and stakeholders better understand and are more invested in the outcomes.

As a result, decisions that are informed by public participation processes are seen as more legitimate and are less subject to challenge. Decision-makers who fully understand stakeholder interests also become better communicators, able to explain decisions and decision rationale in terms stakeholders understand and in ways that relate to stakeholders’ values and concerns.

Top of Page

How does public participation develop community capacity?

Another major result of sustained stakeholder participation in decisions and their implementation is the development of capacity for managing difficult social problems.

This capacity includes improved relationships and trust between decision-makers and the public, and among different stakeholders themselves.

Also, when done well, public participation helps to teach stakeholders meaningful and collaborative ways to approach each other, manage difficult decisions, and resolve disputes. Stakeholders learn to appreciate each others’ positions by first learning about each others’ values and interests.

Once stakeholders are invited into the decision process, it becomes more difficult for them to merely stand to the side and say “no.

” As participants in good decision-making processes, all stakeholders must understand all sides of an issue, weigh the pros and cons, and make more thoughtful decisions. Stakeholders and communities do not generally achieve this on their own.

Sponsoring agencies must recognize their responsibility to help communities build their capacity for collaborative problem solving.

This community model facilitates collaboration to address environmental and/or public health issues in distressed communities.

Think About Community Capacity Building as Part of Public Participation

Effective public participation depends in part on a sponsor agency’s willingness and ability to involve the public in the decision process.

While it is critical that sponsor agencies develop the skills to think through, plan for, and implement a public participation process, it is no less important that the public develop the capacity to participate effectively in decision processes.

A well-designed and sincere participation process will not fulfill its potential if the public lacks the necessary participation skills. Hence, it is important for government agencies to build the public’s participation capacity.

Building participation capacity can be achieved in several ways:

  • Modeling the behaviors that you want to see exhibited throughout the process
  • Developing and sharing with the public guidance documents that promote the core values of public participation Exit and delineate best practices
  • Providing training to community leaders and stakeholder representatives in foundational public participation and communication skills
  • Giving special consideration and attention to vulnerable populations and marginalized communities.
  • Identifying facilitative leaders within sponsor agencies to mentor community groups/leaders by partnering with them during the planning and implementation of public participation processes. Inviting the public to participate in planning the process can create a sense of ownership among the public
  • Hiring professional third-party facilitators to provide instruction at the project outset to sponsor agency staff and external stakeholders on participatory behaviors and techniques
  • Where appropriate, using deliberative forums that encourage more active forms of participation instead of selecting forums that are viewed by sponsor agencies as being more “safe” because they control participation
  • Providing technical assistance to the public or community groups to help them understand technical information relevant to the decision.

These strategies can help build the public’s capacity for participation. Ongoing interest in public participation, however, will depend on the extent to which public participation processes result in the opportunity for meaningful public input and influence on projects, and the degree to which sponsoring agencies are accountable to these results.

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What are the necessary conditions for successful public participation?

Successful public participation requires the following conditions:

Meaningful public participation helps to build the capacity of any community to work together constructively and solve problems.

  • Clear purpose and goals – a well-defined purpose for the public’s role in the project that is real, practical, and shared among stakeholders. Sponsoring agencies must determine the appropriate level or degree of public participation for the decision at hand and set the public’s expectations accordingly. No one benefits when agencies promise more in the way of public participation than they are willing to commit to and deliver. In fact, making promises that cannot be kept will undermine public confidence in the public participation process
  • Clear structure and process – well-defined rules about how public participation will be conducted and how the decision will be made
  • Actual opportunity for influence – the real opportunity for public input to be considered in making the decision
  • Commitment to the process – managers and staff a must be committed to the full range of activities required to make public participation work and be willing to obtain and consider public input in making the decision
  • Inclusive and effective representation – reaching out to representatives of the full range of relevant stakeholder interests regardless of race, color, national origin, sexual orientation or income.

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What are some additional considerations for successful public participation?

In order to establish and maintain effective public participation, sponsoring agencies and decision makers should give careful consideration to how they are supporting the process. Some important elements to successful public participation can include the following:

  • Sufficient resources to conduct the process – provide the funding and staff to support all aspects of the process, including a situation assessment, outreach activities, and obtaining and incorporating public input, with resources dedicated to involving vulnerable populations and overburdened parts of the community
  • Participative capacity among staff and participants – conduct training in communication, outreach, and collaborative problem solving skills
  • A climate of integrity – trust and credibility of government are essential for public participation. Public participation will not flourish where government agencies or decision makers are corrupt or disingenuous about considering public input
  • A belief in the value of public input – the knowledge that public input will result in better decision-making and that public participation results in better governance
  • Capacity to engage — ensuring that agencies know how to design and implement public participation processes, and that agencies and the public a have the knowledge and communication skills to participate effectively in the process
  • Complete transparency – the timely sharing of easily understandable and accessible information to educate the public about the issues and options.

Although the conditions and responsibilities for public participation are significant, you should not feel daunted.

Rather, public participation should be viewed as an opportunity to make a powerful decision – one that resolves issues to the broadest possible satisfaction and benefit of interested parties.

When done well, the time and effort invested in public participation pay dividends by resulting in a more broadly acceptable, implementable, and sustainable decision.

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For additional information on EPA's Public Participation Guide, contact:

Shereen Kandil

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency

Office of International and Tribal Affairs (2650R)

1200 Pennsylvania Ave., NW

Washington, DC 20460



25th FRUCT Conference: Call for Participation

direct participation program

The 25th Conference of the Open Innovations Association FRUCT is co-organized by FRUCT Association and University of Helsinki. The conference will be held in Helsinki (Finland) on 5-8 November 2019. Download CFP in PDF

Overview of FRUCT

FRUCT is a large Pan-European cooperation framework that promotes open innovations of academia and industry. FRUCT conference is a high-quality scientific event for meeting academia and business people and setting projects.

The average conference is attended by over 120 participants representing 30+ member organizations and guests from other organizations.

Participants comes from Russia, Finland, Italy, UK, Denmark, India, and other countries and industry is primary represented by Dell EMC, Nokia, MariaDB, Intel, Jolla, Open Mobile Platform, Skolkovo, etc.

The conference attracts most active and talented students to present their R&D projects, meet people a, create new teams, and find employers and investors.

The conference invites the world-class academic and industrial experts to lecture on the hottest topics.

Traditionally the program consists of FRUCT work groups meetings and intensive (half or full day) technology trainings (Tu) and the last 3 days (We-Fr) are the main conference days.

FRUCT conferences are organized every half a year, which is the reason for submission and acceptance notification deadlines be so close to the conference dates.

If you need more time for visa and travel arrangements just notify us by email and submit your paper following the Early bird submission deadline.

Then your paper will be taken to the early-review procedure and you get the notification of acceptance one month earlier.

Traditionally FRUCT pays a lot of attention to the Open Source and supports the corresponding activities and communities. At the conference we are planning to organize Sailfish OS meetup.

The conference Demo session will include a lot of demos done on mobile Linux and Qt.

The conference is supported by the local mobile Linux community and we welcome all mobile Linux and Qt developers to attend this event.

We welcome everybody to submit papers and take part in the conference, share your research and join the FRUCT Association. Thanks to sponsors we traditionally have low registration fee and various discounts can be applied. Please take early registration to get the best fee and most advantages of your participation in the conference.

All conference papers and abstracts will be published Open Access in FRUCT proceeding at no additional cost (available for free under a CC BY-ND license download from FRUCT proceedings catalog).

We welcome patrons/sponsors to join the conference team. Please refer to the overview of patrons' packages and contact us in case of any questions and proposals.

Background and motivation

The distinctive feature of modern IT and Telecommunications industries is in dramatic shortening of the period when technology remains commercially viable.

On the one hand, this is due to the competition between key market players that are pushing all manufacturers to accelerate innovations; on the other hand, this is due to technological progress speed up caused by the growing expansion of intellectual resource invested into R&D and design activities.

This trend is an important call and challenge for the leading educational and research institutions around the globe. In the FRUCT we believe that it is crucial to combine forces of EU and Russia to follow up the competition in adopting university education to the new industrial trends.

The first step is to strength a bridge between Russian and Finnish academic worlds, increase visibility of involved research teams and set direct personal contacts between academic and industrial experts.

Call for papers and presentations

You can select one of the following 3 types of submissions:
— Full papers (min 6 full pages and up to 12 pages), deadline September 16, 2019;
— Short papers (min 2 pages, max 6 pages), deadline September 16, 2019;
— Poster or demo summary (min 200 words, max 4 pages), by October 28, 2019.

Traditionally FRUCT doesn't provide deadline extension, as instead we have early-bird submissions mechanism. But if authors need couple of extra days to finalize a paper, please send in advance email to and we will try to arrange it so that you can finalize your work.

The review process is organized as follows:
— Full papers get at least 3 reviews by the Technical Committee
— Short papers and Poster/demo summaries get at least 2 reviews by the Technical Committee- The review process is organized as the single-blind review- The acceptance rate is below 45% (5 years)

— Authors of selected best papers will be invited to submit extended versions of their papers to be published in partner journals.

Please note that some papers submitted as Full Papers can be recommended for publication in ACM section (AKA WiP) of the proceedings. ACM section includes papers that have passed the quality check, but didn't get in top 40% of the papers the average score.

This will be a normal publication, but with less guarateed indexing, read more.

To increase your chance to get your paper accepted as Full Paper, we recommend to submit it by the Early bird submission deadline, as this way you always will have a second chance to improve the paper and get another round of review.

The Early bird submission deadline: August 19, 2019.

Please note that one person can be a coauthor of at maximum 3 submissions of all types: Submit

Conference dates: 5-8 November 2019 Conference location: Helsinki, Finland Short Paper submission deadline: 16 September 2019 Full Paper Submission deadline: 16 September 2019 Notification of acceptance date: 7 October 2019 Camera-ready submission deadline: 14 October 2019 Authors registration deadline: 14 October 2019

Demos/Posters submission deadline: 28 October 2019

All submitted papers will be peer reviewed by the Technical Committee. Please follow provided paper templates: MS Word or LaTeX. Please note the following major changes in the templates: The size of page should be Letter (21.59 cm × 27.94 cm). If you are using Word margins must be: top — 1.

9 cm, bottom — 1.6 cm, left — 1.57 cm and right — 1.57 cm. Please note that all Full Paper submissions shall have at least 6 full pages and the last page cannot contain only Acknowledgments and References (at least some text of the main paper, e.g., part of Conclusions, shall be on page 6).

The list of conference topics (we welcome you to propose new R&D topics):

  • Bioinformatics, e-Health and Wellbeing
  • Internet of Things and enabling technologies
  • Smart Spaces, Linked Data and Semantic Web
  • Big Data and Data Mining, Data Storage and Management
  • Knowledge and Data Managements Systems
  • Location Based Services: Navigation, Logistics, e-Tourism
  • Context Awareness and Proactive Services
  • Sensor Design, Ad-hoc and Sensor Networking
  • Natural Language Processing, Speech Technologies
  • Artificial Intelligence, Robotics and Automation Systems
  • Open Source Mobile OS: Architectures and Applications
  • Software Design, Innovative Applications
  • Smart Systems and Embedded Networks
  • Security and Privacy: Applications and Coding Theory
  • Next Generation Networks, Emerging Wireless Technologies, 5G
  • Computer Vision, Image and Video Processing
  • Crowdsourcing and Collective Intelligence
  • Intelligence, Social Mining and Web

All conference papers and abstracts will be published Open Access in FRUCT proceeding (available for free download from FRUCT proceedings catalog).

In addition Full papers will be submitted for inclusion into IEEE Xploreand submitted for indexing to Scopus, WoS, ACM, DBLP, RSCI/РИНЦ (as journal publication), Google Scholar, etc.

Proceedings of FRUCT conference Full Papers are included into Scimago Journal Rank. FRUCT proceedings are included to DOAJ.
The selected papers get invitations to publish extended papers in the partner journals.

For example, in case of successful presentation and recommendation by the session chair some papers will be invited to make free of charge publication of an extended version of the paper in IJERTCS journal (indexed by Scopus).

FRUCT conference is a recognized high quality scientific event, which is confirm by many national ratings, e.g., Norway, Danish (BFI ID 8782540), etc.

N.B. Please note that we cannot guaranty indexation in Scopus for Short Papers and papers from ACM section.

If Scopus indexing is mandatory for you then make sure that your paper is accepted as Full Paper.

Authors of all accepted papers must register to the conference, pay registration fee by author's deadline and present paper at the conference, as otherwise the paper will get technical reject.

Authors of top Short or Work in Progress papers get invite to make free of charge extended versions of the paper in the partner journal, which is included in all major indexes.


Chair of the local organizing committee:Prof. Valtteri Niemi

Conference secretary:Sara Ramezanian

All general questions about FRUCT conference please send to


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