Bank Holidays

Why Do We Have Bank Holidays? | Their History & Origin

Bank Holidays

This is it folks. The definitive guide to UK bank holidays. What they are, why we have them, the history of bank holidays etc. etc.. The whole kit and caboodle.

What is a Bank Holiday?

The definition of a bank holiday is “a weekday on which banks are closed by law; legal holiday”.

The term is used in the UK, its former territories, and a small handful of other European countries, and while both ‘bank holiday’ and ‘public holiday’ can both be days off and used interchangeably there is a technical difference: a ‘bank holiday’ is derived from statute law and a ‘public holiday’ is derived from common law.

To you, me and the next man though there’s no difference. Whichever term is used may only really matter in academia and perhaps the banking and legal professions.

However, before we begin, an important point needs to be made: that of whether you can take a day off work, or not. This depends on your contract with your employer. It is not an automatic right. Find out if you can take a day off on a bank holiday.

The History of Public Holidays

In the UK ‘bank’ or ‘public’ holidays have become a highlight of the calendar year evolving over centuries of cultural and political change, and a combination of tradition, religion, days of historic significance, legislation, and a more practical approach to work and life.

Some holidays may seem obvious: Easter and Christmas for example are important (pre-)Christian festivals. Others may seem a little more esoteric and you may wonder why we have an Early May or late August Bank Holiday, but no public holidays in England and Wales on the patron saint’s days?

Well, read on …

In the days of yore when Britain was largely an agricultural economy and less urbanised life revolved very much around the family, village, farm, and seasons. People celebrated the natural cycle of life such as the end of winter, the coming of summer, the summer solstice, and harvests. They prayed for a bounteous crop and were genuinely thankful when it happened.

Livelihoods depended on the seasons and the prospect of a poor harvest, flood, long winter, or wet summer was potentially disastrous.

As such the arrival and passing of these important times of year were significant dates in the agricultural calendar and people’s lives, and festivals became a customary way to mark them.

As such many northern European countries share similar traditions and festivals at similar times of year.

Many traditions are in fact pagan or pre-Christian in origin but as Christianity spread throughout the kingdom it wasn’t long before new, religious festivals began to merge with existing traditional festivals, or develop anew around the Christian calendar.

Work was hard in the early nineteenth century – really hard – usually manual whether in a factory, mill or on the land, and people worked long hours.

But they did take holidays – not quite in the same fashion we do today (two weeks holiday would have been unheard of, and foreign holidays were reserved only for the wealthy) but they tended to be religious, seasonal and often localised, and spread throughout the year.

Pretty much the only nationwide days off people had were Sundays, Good Friday and Christmas Day.

In fact the word ‘holiday’ itself derives from it being a holy day. As the Online Etymology Dictionary defines it a holiday is:

1500s, earlier haliday (c. 1200), from Old English haligdæg “holy day, consecrated day, religious anniversary; Sabbath,” from halig “holy” (see holy) +dæg “day” (see day); in 14c. meaning both “religious festival” and “day of exemption from labor and recreation,” but pronunciation and sense diverged 16c.

According to Wikipedia and Wikisource by 1834 the Bank of England observed around 33 saints’ days and religious festivals as holidays, but reduced these to just four in 1834: 1 May (May Day), 1 November (All Saints Day), Good Friday, and Christmas Day. Similarly the Encyclopaedia Britannica states that “Before 1830 the Bank of England closed on approximately 40 saints’ days and anniversaries, but that year the number was reduced to 18 days.”

Given the casual approach to research most other sources have adopted the inference here is that the rest of the country also followed suit and took time off at the same time as the Bank of England.

There is little evidence to support this though, as H. Cunningham points out below, as these holidays were confined to the Bank and not explicitly stated to refer to the general population as well.

In The Cambridge Social History of Britain, 1750-1950, H.

Cunningham says “There may have been a reduction in holiday time in the early nineteenth century, though the evidence on which this is based is confined to the Bank of England which closed on 44 days in 1808 and on only four in 1834. By 1845, however, the trend had been reversed and Bank workers were getting six to eighteen days’ annual leave …”

Whether the general populace also had a holiday at the same time is unclear as official legislation on nationwide holidays wouldn’t exist for another 37 years until the passing of the Bank Holidays Act 1871.

In addition, with such a yo-yoing in the number of holidays the Bank took, it seems quite plausible that it would be difficult for businesses across the country to follow suit.

H. Cunningham continues: “Regional variations were of crucial importance in the evolution of holiday habits. In most parts of the country holidays had always been considered as particular days rather than as a stretch of days. Such holidays were the most vulnerable; they could be picked off one by one, especially in areas where labour organisation was weak …”

It wasn’t until 1871 that ‘bank holidays’ for the whole country were officially recognised in law as a nationwide holiday as you’ll see below.

Bank Holidays Act 1871

Sir John Lubbock MP

Bank holidays only came into existence in 1871 when the banker-turned-politician Sir John Lubbock, the first Lord Avebury, introduced the Bank Holidays Act.

According to Horace G. Hutchinson in the Life of Sir John Lubbock, Lord Avebury, Volume 1, his political aims were threefold:

  1. To promote the study of Science, both in Secondary and Primary Schools
  2. To quicken the repayment of the National Debt
  3. To secure some additional holidays, and to shorten the hours of labour in shops

So popular was he, as Hutchinson continues, that the Daily Telegraph suggested naming the August holiday “St. Lubbock’s Day”. Bell’s Life exclaimed “A Statute Holiday! A holiday by Act of Parliament!”

The News of the World was head over heels about him: “Blessings on the head of Sir John Lubbock, who invented a decent excuse for holidays to Englishmen.

We never wished for a revival of Saint’s days, but we certainly did wish that some great inventive genius could discover a reason why the people should not work all the year round, Sundays, Good Fridays, and Christmas days excepted … Sir John has shown of himself to be an inventor of the highest order, and his great reputation as a man of science has been enhanced by the invention of Bank Holidays.”

As for why they might be called ‘bank holidays’ Doug Pyper explains in the House of Commons’ Briefing Paper, December 2015, on Bank and Public Holidays: “while most employers were able to give their workers days off on “public” holidays, it was difficult for banks to do so because the holders of bills of exchange had the power to require payment on those days”.

Quoting the Parliamentary Debates, 3rd Series, Vol. 206, 4 May 1871, he continues:

“The question of holidays was generally left to be settled between employers and employed, and it was very easy for most employers who desired it, to give their men a holiday at a small pecuniary sacrifice to themselves; but that was impossible in the case of banks so long as the holders of bills of exchange and promissory notes had power to require payment on those days.

In order to avoid bankruptcy it was necessary that banks should be kept open on those days, and thus the clerks could not have holidays on – such occasions. He believed a feeling was generally growing that work in England was quite hard enough, and that additional holidays would not be unwelcome to those to whom they were given, nor unpopular with the general community.

When legislation was drawn up an important part included that “no person was compelled to make any payment or to do any act upon a bank holiday which he would not be compelled to do or make on Christmas Day or Good Friday, and the making of a payment or the doing of an act on the following day was equivalent to doing it on the holiday.” This basically meant that everyone was entitled to time off.

The bank holidays introduced were:

England, Wales & IrelandScotland
New Year’s Day*
Easter MondayGood Friday
Whit MondayFirst Monday in May
First Monday in AugustFirst Monday in August
Boxing Day/St. Stephen’s DayChristmas Day*

* If Christmas Day and New Year’s Day fall on a Sunday, the following Monday is the bank holiday

An Act of 1875 later proclaimed 27 December to be a holiday in England, Wales and Ireland when 26 December falls on a Sunday, i.e. the first weekday after Christmas, Boxing Day.

To quote Wikipedia “The Act did not include Good Friday and Christmas Day as bank holidays in England, Wales, or Ireland because they were already recognised as common law holidays: they had been customary holidays since before records began.”

Later on in 1903 the Bank Holiday (Ireland) Act added 17 March, Saint Patrick’s Day, as a bank holiday for Ireland only. It’s included here as Ireland was then part of the UK and Northern Ireland retained the holiday after Irish independence.

Banking and Financial Dealings Act 1971

Commencing in 1965, stemming from a White Paper on Staggered Holidays, and on an experimental basis, the government proposed to change the Whit May bank holiday and August bank holiday upon “a general desire that everything possible should be done to alleviate the growing congestion at the peak of the holiday season.”

“Our further consultations have confirmed the view that a fixed Spring Bank Holiday and a later August Bank Holiday could make a worthwhile contribution to the extension of the holiday season and to the avoidance of congestion for holidaymakers at peak holiday times.

The Government have, therefore, decided, after full consultation with the interests concerned, that the August Bank Holiday for the next two years, 1965 and 1966, should be on the last Monday in August.

The Government would have wished to combine this experiment of moving the August Bank Holiday to the end of the month with a fixed spring holiday on the last Monday in May, 1965 and 1966, to replace the present Whit Monday Bank Holiday.

This is not possible in 1965 because of the arrangements which have already been made for school examinations. These cannot now be changed without serious inconvenience. In 1966 the Whit Monday Bank Holiday will in any case fall on the last Monday in May.”

Upon the success of the trial the next official overhaul came in 1971 with a revision to the 1871 Act.

The new 1971 Banking and Financial Dealings Act was incorporated therefore and moved the August Bank Holiday from the first Monday to the last, and the Whitsun holiday to the last Monday in May.

Further revisions included New Year’s Day being proclaimed a bank holiday in England, Wales and Northern Ireland in 1974, the first Monday in May (excl. Scotland) in 1978, and the final Monday of May (Scotland) were designated as bank holidays.

In January 2007, the St. Andrew’s Day Bank Holiday (Scotland) Act 2007 was given royal assent, making 30 November (or the nearest Monday if a weekend) a bank holiday in Scotland but banks and other organisations are not compelled to take it.

Royal Proclamations

The 1971 Act also gives Her Majesty the power to appoint additional days as bank holidays by Royal Proclamation. This basically means if a bank holiday falls on a weekend she legislates for the following Monday to be the bank holiday instead (if not already stated in law).

There are a few instances when holidays were added or subtracted such as the Queen’s Silver Jubilee in 1977 but the definitive list of bank holidays is below.

The Definitive List of UK Bank Holidays

By 1978 the land lay as follows with eight holidays a year in England and Wales, nine in Scotland and ten in Northern Ireland:

England & WalesScotlandN. Ireland
New Year’s Day (2)New Year’s Day (1)New Year’s Day (2)
2 January (1)
St. Patrick’s Day, 17 March (4)
Good Friday (3)Good Friday (1)Good Friday (3)
Easter Monday (1)Easter Monday (1)
First Monday in May (2)First Monday in May (2)First Monday in May (2)
Last Monday in May (1)Last Monday in May (1)Last Monday in May (1)
Battle of the Boyne, Orangemen’s Day, 12 July
First Monday in August (1)
Last Monday in August (1)Last Monday in August (1)
St Andrew’s Day, 30 November (1)
Christmas Day (3)Christmas Day (1)Christmas Day (3)
Boxing Day (1)Boxing Day (1)Boxing Day (1)

Notes:

1) Banking and Financial Dealings Act 1971

2) Royal Proclamation under 1971 Act

3) Common law public holiday

4) Proclaimed by Secretary of State for Northern Ireland

Источник: https://www.publicholidayguide.com/bank-holiday/history-bank-holidays/

Have Fun Learning English

Bank Holidays

With dictionary look up. Double click on any word for its definition.
This section is in advanced English and is only intended to be a guide, not to be taken too seriously!

What is a bank holiday?

In the United Kingdom and Ireland a bank holiday is a public holiday, when banks and many other businesses are closed for the day.

Bank holidays are often assumed to be so called because they are days upon which banks are shut, but days that banks are shut aren't always bank holidays.

For example: Good Friday and Christmas Day are not bank holidays, they are common law' holidays. The dates for bank holidays are set out in statute or are proclaimed by royal decree.

The term «bank holiday» was coined by Sir John Lubbock, who felt there was a need to differentiate the two types of holiday.

In England and Wales a bank holiday tends automatically to be a public holiday, so the day is generally observed as a holiday. A number of differences apply to Scotland. For example, Easter Monday is not a bank holiday, and, although they share the same name, the Summer Bank Holiday falls on the first Monday in August in Scotland as opposed to the last elsewhere in the UK.

Origins of bank holidays

Prior to 1834, the Bank of England observed about 33 saints' days and religious festivals as holidays, but in 1834, this was reduced to just four: 1 May, 1 November, Good Friday, and Christmas Day.

In 1871, Sir John Lubbock introduced the Bank Holidays Act, it introduced the concept of holidays with pay and designated four holidays in England, Wales and Northern Ireland, and five in Scotland.

These were Easter Monday, the first Monday in August, the 26th December, and Whit Monday (England, Wales and Northern Ireland) and New Year's Day, Good Friday, the first Monday in May, the first Monday in August, and Christmas Day (Scotland).

In England, Wales and Ireland, Good Friday and Christmas Day were considered traditional days of rest (as were Sundays) and therefore it was felt unnecessary to include them in the Act. The move was such a popular one and there were even suggestions that August Bank Holiday should be called St Lubbock's day!

In Ireland, in 1903, the Bank Holiday (Ireland) Act added 17 March, Saint Patrick's Day, as a bank holiday, and in 1926 the Governor of Northern Ireland proclaimed 12 July (Anniversary of the Battle of the Boyne in 1690) as a bank holiday too. This particular holiday is proclaimed annually by the Secretary of State for Northern Ireland.

In 2006, the Scottish Parliament designated St Andrew's Day, November 30, as an official bank holiday in Scotland. But there is no public holiday for St David's Day in Wales, or St George's Day in England.

From 1965 the date of the August bank holiday was changed to the end of the month in England, Wales, and Northern Ireland. The Whitsun bank holiday (Whit Monday) was replaced by the late spring bank holiday — fixed as the last Monday in May.

Bank holidays today

The Banking and Financial Dealings Act 1971, is in force today and there are 8 permanent bank and public holidays in England and Wales, 9 in Scotland and 10 in Northern Ireland.

Ireland has the same eight holidays as England and Wales, plus St Patrick's Day and the Anniversary of the Battle of the Boyne in 1690.

In Scotland, since the Scotland Act 1998 Scottish Ministers have the responsibility for setting bank holidays. There are other public or local holidays which can be determined by local authorities, local tradition.

Since 2007, St Andrew's Day has been an alternative, voluntary public holiday, which can replace an existing local holiday.

Businesses and schools are not necessarily closed on Scottish bank holidays, and the Scottish banks only follow the English and Welsh bank holidays for business reasons.

When the usual date of a bank or public holiday falls on a Saturday or Sunday, a 'substitute day' is given, normally the following Monday.

Once upon a time everything shut on a bank holiday; offices, banks, shops, but nowadays many offices and shops remain open, only banks are not allowed to operate on bank holidays. Nowadays, the only day that most things close in the UK is Christmas Day.

Contrary to popular belief, people do not have an absolute right to paid leave on bank and public holidays, instead they are often part of their holiday leave, it depends on the terms of the contract of employment, but many people working on these days do receive extra money, often «time-and-a-half» or even «double time». Sometimes people will get time in lieu, which means they get paid for working and they get an extra days holiday, which they can take at another time.

People employed in essential services utilities, fire, ambulance, police, health-workers, etc. usually receive extra pay for working on these days.

In spite of the terrible British weather, many people use bank holidays to go away for a long weekend. This means that museums and other public attractions; historic houses, zoos, sports centres, etc. remain open.

But it also means that the traffic on British roads can be horrendous, often exaccerbated by essential road works, or engineering work on the railways.

According to the RAC an estimated 11 million Britons take to their cars over the spring bank holiday.

Of course with the use of modern technology, most banks' telephone and internet banking services operate 24/7/365 — 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, every single day of the year.

Holiday vs The weekend

Источник: https://www.learnenglish.de/culture/bankholidays.html

UK Bank Holidays

Bank Holidays

In the UK bank holidays are days when the banks and many other businesses are closed for the day, included in the bank holidays below are the public holidays, Christmas Day and Good Friday, that have been traditionally respected as holidays.

Jump to Bank Holidays in England, Wales, Scotland, Northern Ireland

Bank Holidays In England & Wales 2020

Bank holidays in England and Wales are currently identical as saints days are not declared bank holidays.

New Year's Day01 January 2020
Good Friday10 April 2020
Easter Monday13 April 2020
Early May04 May 2020
Spring25 May 2020
Summer31 August 2020
Christmas Day25 December 2020
Boxing Day28 December 2020*

Notes:

  1. * Indicates a substitute day — A substitute day occurs when a public or bank holiday occurs on a Saturday, Sunday or a Bank Holiday. In these cases the substitute day occurs, normally the following Monday. In the case of two consecutive holidays (e.g. Christmas Day and Boxing Day) this can be the following Tuesday if the holidays fall on the Saturday and Sunday.
  2. Bank Holidays that never fall on a weekend (e.g Good Friday, Easter Monday) will never have substitute days.

Bank Holidays In Scotland 2020

Bank holidays in Scotland differ from those in England and Wales in the following ways.

  1. The 2nd of January is declared as the Scottish celebrate Hogmanay as a major event in the calendar.
  2. Easter Monday is not declared as a bank holiday.
  3. The Scottish summer bank holiday is at the start of August rather than at the end.
  4. St Andrew's day (30th November) is declared as a bank holiday.
New Year's Day01 January 2020
2nd January02 January 2020
Good Friday10 April 2020
Early May04 May 2020
Spring25 May 2020
Summer03 August 2020
St Andrew's Day30 November 2020
Christmas Day25 December 2020
Boxing Day28 December 2020*

Notes:

  1. * Indicates a substitute day — A substitute day occurs when a public or bank holiday occurs on a Saturday, Sunday or a Bank Holiday. In these cases the substitute day occurs, normally the following Monday. In the case of two consecutive holidays (e.g. Christmas Day and Boxing Day) this can be the following Tuesday if the holidays fall on the Saturday and Sunday.
  2. Scottish banks follow the English and Welsh bank holidays for business reasons and many businesses and schools do not close on all Scottish bank holidays.
  3. Bank Holidays that never fall on a weekend (e.g Good Friday, Easter Monday) will never have substitute days

Bank Holidays In Northern Ireland 2020

Bank holidays in Northern Ireland differ from those in England and Wales in the following ways.

  1. St Patrick's day (17th March) is declared as a bank holiday.
  2. The Anniversary of the Battle of the Boyne (12th July) is declared as a bank holiday.
New Year's Day01 January 2020
St Patrick's Day17 March 2020
Good Friday10 April 2020
Easter Monday13 April 2020
Early May04 May 2020
Spring25 May 2020
Battle of the Boyne13 July 2020*
Summer31 August 2020
Christmas Day25 December 2020
Boxing Day28 December 2020*

Notes:

  1. * Indicates a substitute day — A substitute day occurs when a public or bank holiday occurs on a Saturday, Sunday or a Bank Holiday. In these cases the substitute day occurs, normally the following Monday. In the case of two consecutive holidays (e.g. Christmas Day and Boxing Day) this can be the following Tuesday if the holidays fall on the Saturday and Sunday.
  2. Bank Holidays that never fall on a weekend (e.g Good Friday, Easter Monday) will never have substitute days

Archives

2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017

Источник: https://www.ukbankholidays.info/

UK bank holidays in 2020 | MyWalletHero

Bank Holidays
Image source: Getty Images.

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(Looking for 2021 dates? We’ve got you covered for UK bank holidays next year, too!)

As the end of the year approaches, a lot of us turn our minds to plans for the year ahead. So why not get up to speed with when you can experience the magic of a UK bank holiday weekend?

Here we break down when you can expect a bank holiday in 2020, and – spoiler alert – there’s a little surprise this year.

England and Wales

Those of us living in England and Wales can expect eight bank holidays in 2020. The major change for this year is that the early May bank holiday – which is typically on a Monday – has been moved to a Friday for the coming year in order to mark the 75th anniversary of VE Day.

So here are your bank holidays for 2020:

Wednesday 1st January – New Year’s Day

Friday 10th April – Good Friday

Monday 13th April – Easter Monday

Friday 8th May – Early May bank holiday (this is the one that has changed)

Monday 25th May – Spring bank holiday

Monday 31st August – Summer bank holiday

Friday 25th December – Christmas Day

Monday 28th December – Boxing Day

Now, eagle eyed readers will have noticed that the Boxing Day bank holiday is not on its usual date of 26th December. This is because the 26th is a Saturday, and when a bank holiday falls on a weekend, a ‘substitute’ weekday becomes the bank holiday. So, in 2020, the Boxing Day bank holiday will be moved from Saturday 26th December to Monday 28th December.

Scotland

If you are lucky enough to live in Scotland, you can expect nine bank holidays in 2020. Most of the dates are largely the same as those for England and Wales, but there are a few key differences.

Firstly, Scotland has a bank holiday on Thursday 2nd January. Secondly, there is no Easter Monday bank holiday. The Summer bank holiday is on Monday 3rd August instead of Monday 31st August, and those living in Scotland get an extra bank holiday on Monday 30th November to mark St Andrew’s Day.

Northern Ireland

If you live in Northern Ireland, bank holiday dates differ again, and you will benefit from 10 bank holidays in 2020.

Northern Ireland has all the same bank holiday dates as England and Wales in 2020, but there are additional bank holidays on Tuesday 17th March for St Patrick’s Day and Monday 13th July to mark the Battle of the Boyne (Orangemen’s Day). The bank holiday to mark the Battle of the Boyne is usually on 12th July each year, but as this falls on a Sunday in 2020, it is instead on a ‘substitute’ weekday, which is the Monday. 

Does everyone get bank holidays?

Whether you get bank holidays or not depends on the type of work you do and terms of your employment contract. Not all employers are required to give you paid leave for bank holidays. Instead, they can choose whether or not to include bank holidays as part of your statutory annual leave.

If your place of work is closed on a bank holiday, then your employer could make you take them as part of your annual leave entitlement. Alternatively, some employers might give you bank holidays on top of your annual leave entitlement. If this is the case, then you can check out this information on how to travel on a budget.

When it comes to holiday entitlement, as a full-time employee, you are entitled to 28 days paid annual leave. You may find that this includes the eight bank holidays, so you will have those off and then an additional 20 days.

If you’re full-time and your employer doesn’t include bank holidays in your annual leave, you’ll be entitled to your 28 days paid annual leave plus the eight bank holiday days – making your total holiday entitlement for the year 36 days.

If you are a part-time employee, it all changes again. To calculate your holiday entitlement, you need to multiply 5.6 days (your statutory leave entitlement) by the number of days you work each week. So if you work two days a week, you’ll be entitled to 11.2 days of annual leave.

However, if you work Mondays and bank holidays are part of your holiday entitlement, then a higher proportion of your holidays will have ‘fixed’ dates. So for example, in England in 2020 there are four bank holidays that fall on a Monday. That would mean four of your 11.

2 days of annual leave would have to be taken on those Mondays, leaving you with 7.2 days of leave.

If you work part-time and are not contracted to work on Mondays, you will typically find that your employer will give you a pro-rata bank holiday entitlement as part of your annual leave.

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Источник: https://www.fool.co.uk/mywallethero/your-life/learn/uk-bank-holidays-in-2020/

When is the next Bank Holiday in the UK?

Bank Holidays

It’s up to all of us to slow the spread of COVID-19. Everyone, including young and healthy people, should avoid large gatherings during this time. Stay up-to-date with public health guidelines from www.gov.uk

The Bank holidays include those for England, Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales. All bank holiday dates are accurate at the time of publishing.

2020 UK Bank Holidays

Please make sure you check any dates with your own countries Bank holidays before booking any holidays or arrangements.

Bank Holidays and Special Occasions – Their Meanings and Origins

New Years Day(England , Northern Ireland , Scotland and Wales )

New Years Day is celebrated all over the United Kingdom on 1 January each year.

Second of January(Scotland)

Scotland also has a public holiday on the 2nd January each year.

St. Valentine’s Day
While St. Valentines Day is not a public holiday in the UK, it is celebrated throughout the country on February 14 each year by friends, lovers and secret admirers.

St David’s Day
(Wales)

St Davids Day celebrated on the 1st day of March each year and is the feast day of Saint David who was the patron saint of Wales.

 The 1st day of March was chosen to remember the death of Saint David because it holds that he died on that day in 589. In the 18th century, the date was declared a National Day of celebration within Wales.

 There is a great festival with children dressing in welsh costume for school and concerts being given all over Wales.

St Patricks Day(Northern Ireland)

St Patricks Day is celebrated in Ireland each year on March 17.

Mothering Sunday
Mothering Sunday in the UK is the equivalent of Mother’s Day in many other countries.

Easter
People celebrate the Easter holiday period according to their beliefs and their religious denominations.

May Day Holiday(England , Northern Ireland , Scotland and Wales)

May Day is a public holiday in England, Ireland Scotland and Wales and is observed on the 1st Monday in May each year.

Spring Bank Holiday(England , Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales)

Spring Bank Holiday is a public holiday in England, Ireland Scotland and Wales and is observed on the last Monday in May each year.

Father’s Day
Father’s Day in the UK is celebrated in a similar way to how it is celebrated in the US.

Orangeman’s Day(Ireland)

Orangeman’s Day is observed in Ireland on July 12 each year and is also known as the “Battle of Boyne”. It is a bank holiday in Northern Ireland (I) to commemorate the Battle of the Boyne

Summer Bank HolidaySummer Bank Holiday is a public holiday in England, Ireland and Wales and is observed on the last Monday in August  each year.*

The Summer Bank Holiday is observed in Scotland on the first Monday in August each year. (*Scotland)

Halloween
Halloween originated as a celebration connected with evil spirits. On October 31st, children dressed in costumes knock on their neighbours’ doors and yell, “Trick or Treat” when the door opens.

St Andrews Day(Scotland)

St Andrew’s Day is observed in Scotland as a public holiday on November 30 each year.

Christmas Day 
Christmas Day is celebrated in England, Ireland, Scotland and Wales on December 25 each year.

New Years Eve
While New Years Eve is not a federal holiday in the UK it is a day to celebrate the end of one year and at the stroke of midnight, the beginning of a new year. To celebrate New Years Eve many British conduct parties and invite friends and family to them.

When is the next Public Holiday or Special Occasion in the UK 2020?


The holidays include those for England, Northern Ireland  Scotland and Wales. All bank holiday dates are accurate at the time of publishing. Please make sure you check any dates with your own countries Bank holidays before booking any holidays or arrangements.

2020 UK Bank Holidays and Special Occasions

Holiday/Occasion/Countries

*Visit gov.uk for more information

All bank holidays are accurate at the time of publishing but are subject to change depending on what country you live in. Please make sure you check any dates with your own countries bank holidays before booking any holidays. * When the usual date of a bank or public holiday falls on a Saturday or Sunday, a ‘substitute day’ is given, normally the following Monday.

Источник: https://ukbankholidaydates.co.uk/

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